The reasoning and scepticism that pervaded during this particular period in history compelled a sizeable number of French to revolt against the prevailing standards and norms in the French society. During the aforementioned period, military and political leader Napoleon Bonaparte had risen to prominence, specifically by taking control of France after the success of the French Revolution. Beginning and lasting untilthe French Revolution was a chaotic period in the history of France. Of course, before the onset of the revolt, the general members of the French populace had become increasingly disappointed with their rulers.
The ancestors of Napoleon descended from minor Italian nobility of Tuscan origin who had come to Corsica from Liguria in the 16th century. Napoleon was born there on 15 Augusttheir fourth child and third son. A boy and girl were born first but died in infancy.
Napoleon was baptised as a Catholic. The nationalist Corsican leader Pasquale Paoli ; portrait by Richard CoswayNapoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoaa former commune of Italy transferred Corsica to France. His father was an attorney who went on to be named Corsica's representative to the court of Louis XVI in The dominant influence of Napoleon's childhood was his mother, whose firm discipline restrained a rambunctious child.
Napoleon's noble, moderately affluent background afforded him greater opportunities to study than were available to a typical Corsican of the time. An examiner observed that Napoleon "has always been distinguished for his application in mathematics.
He is fairly well acquainted with history and geography This boy would make an excellent sailor". He trained to become an artillery officer and, when his father's death reduced his income, was forced to complete the two-year course in one year. At this time, he was a fervent Corsican nationalistand wrote to Corsican leader Pasquale Paoli in May"As the nation was perishing I was born.
Thirty thousand Frenchmen were vomited on to our shores, drowning the throne of liberty in waves of blood. Such was the odious sight which was the first to strike me".
He was a supporter of the republican Jacobin movement, organising clubs in Corsica,  and was given command over a battalion of volunteers. He was promoted to captain in the regular army in Julydespite exceeding his leave of absence and leading a riot against French troops.
With the help of his fellow Corsican Antoine Christophe SalicetiBonaparte was appointed artillery commander of the republican forces at the Siege of Toulon. The assault on the position led to the capture of the city, but during it Bonaparte was wounded in the thigh.
He was promoted to brigadier general at the age of Catching the attention of the Committee of Public Safetyhe was put in charge of the artillery of France's Army of Italy.
He devised plans for attacking the Kingdom of Sardinia as part of France's campaign against the First Coalition. Augustin Robespierre and Saliceti were ready to listen to the freshly promoted artillery general. From Ormea, they headed west to outflank the Austro-Sardinian positions around Saorge.
After this campaign, Augustin Robespierre sent Bonaparte on a mission to the Republic of Genoa to determine that country's intentions towards France. According to Bourrienne, jealousy was responsible, between the Army of the Alps and the Army of Italy with whom Napoleon was seconded at the time.
He also took part in an expedition to take back Corsica from the British, but the French were repulsed by the British Royal Navy. As an infantry command, it was a demotion from artillery general—for which the army already had a full quota—and he pleaded poor health to avoid the posting.
He faced a difficult financial situation and reduced career prospects. Napoleon had seen the massacre of the King's Swiss Guard there three years earlier and realised that artillery would be the key to its defence.
Murat married one of Napoleon's sisters, becoming his brother-in-law; he also served under Napoleon as one of his generals. Bonaparte was promoted to Commander of the Interior and given command of the Army of Italy. The couple married on 9 March in a civil ceremony. He immediately went on the offensive, hoping to defeat the forces of Piedmont before their Austrian allies could intervene.
In a series of rapid victories during the Montenotte Campaignhe knocked Piedmont out of the war in two weeks. The French then focused on the Austrians for the remainder of the war, the highlight of which became the protracted struggle for Mantua.
The Austrians launched a series of offensives against the French to break the siege, but Napoleon defeated every relief effort, scoring victories at the battles of CastiglioneBassanoArcoleand Rivoli.
The decisive French triumph at Rivoli in January led to the collapse of the Austrian position in Italy.Mar 11, · Napoleon Bonaparte (), also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution ().
Was Napoleon An Heir to the French Revolution? Of all the Events of European history, the French Revolution of is without doubt one of the most important and controversial. Similarly Napoleon Bonaparte has to be amongst the most written on and opinion dividing individuals world history has ever seen.
-Napoleon escapes from his exile on the island of Elba and returns to France-The new French king, Louis XVIII, is forced to flee-Many of Napoleon’s former supporters, including Marshall Ney, welcome his triumphal return-Napoleon’s enemies, including England and Prussia, gather their forces to put an end to Napoleon once and for all.
Part B: In your opinion, did Napoleon extend or betray the ideas and policies of the French Revolution. During the French Revolution several policies and ideas were introduced. Napoleon a product of the revolution came into power in Many of the revolution's policies and ideas aided his rise to power/5(1).
Napoleon next moved to recreate an aristocracy, a long French tradition that had been eliminated by the Revolution. In , Napoleon started granting titles of nobility to people who served him particularly well.
The royal court of the French Emperor became a public spectacle of pomp and elegance. When the French Revolution came, Napoleon was ready. He got as much military leave time as he could get, and he plunged into revolutionary politics in Corsica Bonaparte at the Pont d’Arcole (Detail), by Baron Antoine-Jean Gros, ca.