Reduce Your Risk of Coronary Artery Disease Atherosclerosis -- sometimes called hardening of the arteries -- can slowly narrow the arteries throughout your body. Most of those deaths are from heart attacks caused by blood clots. Atherosclerosis can create life-threatening blockages -- without you ever feeling a thing. Almostpeople in the U.
Start Now How is heart cardiovascular disease diagnosed? Often, health-care professionals ask about chest pain, but the patient may deny having pain because they perceive their symptoms as pressure or heaviness.
Words also may have different meanings for different people. The patient may describe their discomfort as sharp, meaning intense, while the health-care professional may understand that term to mean stabbing.
For that reason, it is important for the patient to be allowed to take the time to describe the symptoms in their own words and have the health-care professional try to clarify the terms being used.
The health-care professional may ask questions about the quality and quantity of pain, where it is located, and where it might travel or radiate.
It is important to know about the associated symptoms including shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, vomitingand indigestion, as well as malaise or fatigue. The circumstances surrounding the symptoms are also important.
Are the symptoms brought on by activity? Do they get better with rest? Since symptoms began, does less activity provoke onset of the symptoms?
Do the symptoms wake the patient? These are questions that may help decide wither the angina is stable, progressing, or becoming unstable.
With stable angina, the activity that is required to initiate the symptoms does not fluctuate. For example, a patient may state that their symptoms are brought on by climbing up two flights of stairs or walking one mile.
Progressive angina would find the patient stating that the symptoms are brought on by less activity than previously. In the case of unstable angina, symptoms may arise at rest or wake the patient from sleep.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis. The buildup of plaque occurs over. Coronary artery disease (CAD) causes impaired blood flow in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Also called coronary heart disease (CHD), CAD is the most common form of heart disease and. These are primary lines of defense against coronary artery disease and its complications, including heart attack and stroke. By Mayo Clinic Staff Coronary artery disease care at .
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease should be assessed including the presence of high blood pressurediabetes, high cholesterol, smoking history, and family history of cardiovascular disease. A past history of stroke or peripheral artery disease are also important risk factors to be assessed.
There are some clues on physical exam that suggest the presence of narrowed arteries to the heart and coronary artery disease, for example, they the doctor may: Check for high blood pressure. Lack of pulses may signal a narrowed or blocked artery in the arm or leg.
If one artery is narrowed, perhaps others, like the coronary arteries in the heart, also may be narrowed Auscultating or listening to the neck, abdomen and groin for bruits.
A bruit is the sound produced within a narrowed artery due to turbulence caused when decreased blood flow occurs across the narrowed area. Bruits can be heard easily with a stethoscope in the he carotid artery in the neck, the abdominal aorta, and the femoral artery.
Check sensation in the feet for numbness, decreased sensation, and peripheral neuropathy. Moreover, many other important conditions may need to be considered as the cause of symptoms.
Examples include those arising from the lung pulmonary embolusthe aorta aortic dissectionthe esophagus GERDand the abdomen peptic ulcer disease, gallbladder disease. After the history and physical examination are complete, the health-care professional may require more testing if heart disease is considered a potential diagnosis.
There are different ways to evaluate the heart anatomy and function; the type and timing of a test needs to be individualized to each patient and their situation. Most often, the health-care professional, perhaps in consultation with a cardiologist, will order the least invasive test possible to determine whether coronary artery disease is present.
Although heart catheterization is the gold standard to define the anatomy of the heart and to confirm heart disease diagnosis either with partial or complete blockage or no blockagethis is an invasive test and not necessarily indicated for many patients. Electrocardiogram EKG, ECG The heart is an electrical pump and electrodes on the skin can capture and record the impulses generated as electricity travels throughout the heart muscle.
Heart muscle that has decreased blood supply conducts electricity differently than normal muscle and these changes can be seen on the EKG.
A normal EKG does not exclude cardiovascular disease and coronary artery blockage; there may be narrowing of the coronary arteries that has yet to cause heart muscle damage. If possible, an EKG should be compared to previous tracings looking for changes in the electrical conduction patterns.
Stress tests It would make sense that during exercise, the heart is asked to work harder and if the heart could be monitored and evaluated during that exercise, a test might uncover abnormalities in heart function.
That exercise may occur by asking the patient to walk on a treadmill or ride a bicycle while at the same time, an electrocardiogram is being performed. Medications adenosine, persantinedobutamine can be used to stimulate the heart if the patient is unable to exercise because of poor conditioning, injury, or because of an underlying medical condition.
Echocardiography Ultrasound examination of the heart to evaluate the anatomy of the heart valves, the muscle, and its function may be performed by a cardiologist. This test may be ordered alone or it may be combined with a stress test to look at heart function during exercise.
Nuclear imaging A radioactive tracer that is injected into a vein can be used to indirectly assess blood flow to the heart. Technetium or thallium can be injected while a radioactive counter is used to map out how heart muscle cells absorb the radioactive chemical and how it is distributed in heart muscle cells may help determine indirectly whether a blockage exists.
An area of the heart with no uptake would suggest that the area is not getting enough blood supply. This test may also be combined with an exercise test.Jul 30, · Coronary heart disease is a common term for the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries that could lead to heart attack.
But what about coronary artery disease?
Is there a difference? The short answer is often no — health professionals frequently use the terms interchangeably.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease in the United States. For some people, the first sign of CAD is a heart attack. You and your health care team may be able to help you reduce your risk for CAD.
CAD is caused by plaque buildup in the walls of the arteries that. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women. CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), is the most common of the cardiovascular diseases.
Types include stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. . Coronary heart disease is a common term for the buildup of plaque in the heart’s arteries that could lead to heart attack.
But what about coronary artery disease? Is there a difference? The short answer is often no — health professionals frequently use the terms interchangeably.
Aug 01, · This collection features AFP content on coronary artery disease (CAD), coronary heart disease (CHD) and related issues, including acute coronary syndrome, angina, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and.