Chapter 2 summary notes

In addition to its desolate feel and uniform grayness, this forlorn area is home to a decaying billboard that calls attention to itself.

Chapter 2 summary notes

The rulers and ruling classes of both countries may have the best of life, but they are out of touch with the common people and believe that the status quo will continue forever. In France, inflation is out of control and an oppressive social system results in intolerable and extreme injustices being committed against average citizens, who believe they have the worst of life.

The breaking point — riotous rebellion — is near, and the populace of France secretly but steadily moves toward revolution. Meanwhile, in England, people give spiritualists and the supernatural more attention than the revolutionary rumblings from American colonists, and an ineffective justice system leads to widespread violence and crime.

While the English and French kings and queens carelessly ignore the unrest and misery prevalent in their countries, silent forces guide the rulers and their people toward fate and death.

Analysis This first chapter presents the sweeping backdrop of forces and events that will shape the lives of the novel's characters. From the first paragraph, Dickens begins developing the central theme of duality.

His pairings of contrasting concepts such as the "best"and "worst"of times, "Light"and "Darkness,"and "hope"and "despair"reflect the mirror images of good and evil that will recur in characters and situations throughout the novel.

England and France in embody the concept of duality that Dickens outlines in the first paragraph. Both countries are simultaneously experiencing very similar and very different situations.

For example, both the English and French monarchs — George III and Louis XVI, respectively — seem indifferent to the plight of their people and cannot comprehend any power being great enough to eclipse their divine right to rule.

However, while their attitudes will result in revolutions for both countries, the American revolution occurs an ocean away, leaving the British infrastructure unscathed and saving the British population from the massive loss of life and the horrors that will take place during the French revolution.

The differences between the two countries become more pronounced when Dickens compares the concepts of spirituality and justice in each country. In England, people are enthralled with the supernatural, especially with visionaries and ghosts that communicate mystical messages.

In France, though, people pay attention to religious leaders out of fear rather than fascination. A man neglecting to kneel to a distant procession of monks may be condemned to a torturous death for his transgression.

Dickens contrasts France's harsh justice system to England's lax one. Highwaymen rob seemingly at will, prisoners revolt against their jailers, and violence is answered with more violence.

When the courts serve justice in England, they serve it indiscriminately, with murderers and petty thieves alike receiving the death penalty. Southcott Joanna Southcottan English religious visionary.

Chapter 2 summary notes

Cock-lane ghost a poltergeist phenomenon studied by Horace Walpole, Dr. Johnson, and Oliver Goldsmith. People greatly debated its authenticity.

Newgate a London prison notorious for its inhumane conditions.Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 2. The Planting of English America.

The Spanish were at . From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes A Wrinkle in Time Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. If you found this Emotional Intelligence summary to be useful, sign up for the Deconstructing Excellence mailing list to be the first to be notified of new posts and upcoming free members-only resources.

Complete summary of William A. McClenaghan, Frank Magruder's Magruder's American Government. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Magruder's American Government.

Lorraine narrates this chapter, and she begins by describing John, who is six feet tall with “longish brown hair and blue eyes.” John’s eyes, which are “gigantic” and seem to look right.

A Conversation with Peter about His New Text. Hello!

Chapter 2 summary notes

It’s a pleasure to give you a quick overview of my business communication textbook to be published by McGraw-Hill in January titled Business Communication: Developing Leaders for a Networked World.

Robert Putnam, _Our Kids_, chapter 2: “Families” | Bryan Alexander