He sees that Cleopatra dotes on Antony and worries that Antony will not continue seeing Cleopatra. Ventidius, a Roman general, comes to aide Antony in Alexandria. Act Two[ edit ] Cleopatra mourns about her situation without Antony. Cleopatra thus sends Alexas to try to win back Antony using gifts jewels including a bracelet.
John Dryden — English poet, critic, playwright, and translator. Regarded by many scholars as the father of modern English poetry and criticism, Dryden dominated literary life in England during the last four decades of the seventeenth century.
By deliberately and comprehensively refining language, Dryden developed an expressive, universal diction which has had a profound impact on the evolution of speech and writing in the English-speaking world.
Although initially famous for his comedies and heroic tragedies, among Dryden's other accomplishments are critical essays as well as translations of works by Virgil, Chaucer, and Boccaccio.
Today he is also highly regarded for his satirical and didactic poems, notably Absalom and AchitophelThe Hind and the Pantherand Religio Laici. In poems such as these, Dryden displayed an irrepressible wit and forceful line of argument which later satirists adopted as their model.
Biographical Information The eldest son of a large, socially prominent Puritan family, Dryden was born in Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire. Little is known about his early years, except that as a young boy he received a classical education at Westminster School through a royal scholarship.
While there he published his first poem, Upon the Death of the Lord Hastings, commemorating the life of a schoolmate who had recently died of smallpox.
In Dryden began attending Trinity College, Cambridge, where he earned a bachelor of arts degree. Shortly Essay about john dryden his father died, leaving him to oversee the affairs of his family and of his own small estate. Dryden's activities and whereabouts during the next several years are unknown; inhowever, following the death of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Dryden returned to writing and published Heroique Stanzas, a group of complimentary verses which portray Cromwell as architect of a great new age.
In the following years, Dryden continued to publish politically oriented poems, of which the most notable are Astraea Redux and Annus Mirabilis: The former, which celebrated the exiled Charles II's restoration to the English crown, incited condemnation in later years from those who charged Dryden with political inconsistency and selfish motivation.
Since then, historians have argued that Dryden maintained throughout his life a belief in religious tolerance and moderate government and switched allegiance from the republicans to the royalists in keeping with the majority of the English people.
Infollowing his marriage to Lady Elizabeth Howard, Dryden debuted as a playwright, a career which at the time held the most financial promise for an aspiring writer in England.
His first play proved unsuccessful, but later endeavors, in particular The Indian Emperourwere popular and established Dryden's reputation in drama, a field which he increasingly dominated during the next fifteen years. In Dryden became poet laureate of England, and shortly thereafter, received the title of historiographer royal.
He did not renounce this conversion after the abdication of James or with the accession in of Protestant rulers William and Mary.
Dryden died in London in and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Throughout the years, Dryden's detractors have focused on his shifts from Protestantism to Catholicism and from republicanism to monarchism as proof of the poet's flair for political expediency.
Generally, however, Dryden is recognized as someone who in his time was an extremely popular literary figure, who believed in religious moderation, and who influenced heavily the tastes of his age. Major Works Apart from the encomiums or complimentary poems of his early years, Dryden is well-known for his satirical verse.
The Popish Plota thwarted attempt by the Earl of Shaftesbury and others to exclude Charles's Catholic brother, James, from his right of succession to the throne, provided Dryden with the topic for what critics consider his greatest work, Absalom and Achitophel, a satirical attack on Shaftesbury and his confederates.
This work inaugurated a phase of satirical and didactic verse which directly influenced the development of Augustan poetry in the next century, especially that of Alexander Pope. The poem was followed in by Mac Flecknoea mockheroic poem which was directed at the poet Thomas Shadwell, a literary antagonist of Dryden.
Allied to Absalom and Achitophel in tone, Mac Flecknoe displays Dryden's mastery of rhythm and cunning verbal attack. The same year there also appeared a shorter, more serious satiric poem titled The Medall, which again was aimed at Shaftesbury.
Political and religious matters repeatedly overlapped in Dryden's time, an era much vexed with the question of whether Protestant or Roman Catholic monarchs were the legitimate rulers of Britain; accordingly, Dryden also began to address religious issues in his poetry.
In this didactic poem, which also contains religious and metaphysical insights, Dryden advocated a compromise between Protestant Anglican exclusivism and Roman Catholic belief in absolute papal authority, articulating the king's stance in favor of religious toleration.
Dryden's later, allegorical poem, The Hind and the Panthera three-part work written in beast-fable form, was published after the poet's conversion to Catholicism, but like Religio Laici, it argues for moderation between the two churches.Welcome to The Literature Network!
We offer searchable online literature for the student, educator, or enthusiast. To find the work you're looking for start by looking through the author index. All for Love or, the World Well Lost, is a heroic drama by John Dryden written in Today, it is Dryden's best-known and most performed play.
It is a tragedy written in blank verse and is an attempt on Dryden's part to reinvigorate serious drama. It is an acknowledged imitation of Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra, and focuses on the .
Annus Mirabilis is a poem written by John Dryden published in It commemorated –, the "year of miracles" of rutadeltambor.come the poem's name, the year had been one of great tragedy, including the Great Fire of rutadeltambor.com title was perhaps meant to suggest that the events of the year could have been worse.
Those who think about death, carrying with them their existing ideas and emotions, usually assume that they will have, during their last hours, ideas and emotions of like vividness but they do not fully recognize the implication that . John Locke (–) John Dryden (–) Whose most inﬂuential works were An Essay Concerning Samuel Johnson termed Dryden “the father of English Human Understanding and Two Treatises on Civil Government, criticism,” and afﬁrmed of his Essay of Dramatic Poesy () both published in Living from to John Dryden was the leading literary figure of the Restoration ("John Dryden" Encarta).
Dryden was an accomplished poet, playwright and critic. Speaking English, Latin and Greek Dryden was also a successful translator.