More Wolfe Memorial Thomas Wolfe Throughout his literary career, Thomas Clayton Wolfe mined the early years of his life to extract every scrap of truth from his experiences, and to carve these truths into art. He seemed to take little pleasure in the finished work, but would feverishly turn to the next. During his brief but eventful life, Thomas Wolfe traveled the length and breadth of the United States, sailed to Europe on glamorous ships, conversed with literary giants and film stars, and loved a famous, successful woman.
Life[ edit ] Autobiographical works are by nature subjective. The inability—or unwillingness—of the author to accurately recall memories has in certain cases resulted in misleading or incorrect information. Some sociologists and psychologists have noted that autobiography offers the author the ability to recreate history.
Spiritual autobiography[ edit ] Spiritual autobiography is an account of an author's struggle or journey towards God, followed by conversion a religious conversion, often interrupted by moments of regression. The author re-frames his or her life as a demonstration of divine intention through encounters with the Divine.
The earliest example of a spiritual autobiography is Augustine's Confessions though the tradition has expanded to include other religious traditions in works such as Zahid Rohari 's An Autobiography and Black Elk Speaks.
The spiritual autobiography works as an endorsement of his or her religion. Memoir A memoir is slightly different in character from an autobiography. While an autobiography typically focuses on the "life and times" of the writer, a memoir has a narrower, more intimate focus on his or her own memories, feelings and emotions.
Memoirs have often been written by politicians or military leaders as a way to record and publish an account of their public exploits.
In the work, Caesar describes the battles that took place during the nine years that he spent fighting local armies in the Gallic Wars.
His second memoir, Commentarii de Bello Civili or Commentaries on the Civil War is an account of the events that took place between 49 and 48 BC in the civil war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Senate. French examples from the same period include the memoirs of Cardinal de Retz — and the Duc de Saint-Simon.
Fictional autobiography[ edit ] The term "fictional autobiography" signifies novels about a fictional character written as though the character were writing their own autobiography, meaning that the character is the first-person narrator and that the novel addresses both internal and external experiences of the character.
Daniel Defoe 's Moll Flanders is an early example. Charles Dickens ' David Copperfield is another such classic, and J. Salinger 's The Catcher in the Rye is a well-known modern example of fictional autobiography.
The term may also apply to works of fiction purporting to be autobiographies of real characters, e. Autobiography through the ages[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message The classical period: Apologia, oration, confession[ edit ] In antiquity such works were typically entitled apologiapurporting to be self-justification rather than self-documentation.
John Henry Newman 's Christian confessional work first published in is entitled Apologia Pro Vita Sua in reference to this tradition. Augustine — applied the title Confessions to his autobiographical work, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau used the same title in the 18th century, initiating the chain of confessional and sometimes racy and highly self-critical, autobiographies of the Romantic era and beyond.
Augustine's was arguably the first Western autobiography ever written, and became an influential model for Christian writers throughout the Middle Ages. It tells of the hedonistic lifestyle Augustine lived for a time within his youth, associating with young men who boasted of their sexual exploits; his following and leaving of the anti-sex and anti-marriage Manichaeism in attempts to seek sexual morality; and his subsequent return to Christianity due to his embracement of Skepticism and the New Academy movement developing the view that sex is good, and that virginity is better, comparing the former to silver and the latter to gold; Augustine's views subsequently strongly influenced Western theology .
Confessions will always rank among the great masterpieces of western literature. One of the first great autobiographies of the Renaissance is that of the sculptor and goldsmith Benvenuto Cellini —written between andand entitled by him simply Vita Italian: He declares at the start: Another autobiography of the period is De vita propria, by the Italian mathematician, physician and astrologer Gerolamo Cardano It is often claimed that the earliest known autobiography in English is the early 15th-century Book of Margery Kempedescribing among other things Kempe's pilgrimage to the Holy Land and visit to Rome although it is, at best, only a partial autobiography and arguably more a memoir of religious experiences.
The book remained in manuscript and was not published until Possibly the first publicly available autobiography written in English was Captan John Smith's autobiography published in  which was regarded by many as not much more than a collection of tall tales told by someone of doubtful veracity.
This changed with the publication of Philip Barbour's definitive biography in which, amongst other things, established independent factual bases for many of Smith's "tall tales", many of which could not have been known by Smith at the time of writing unless he was actually present at the events recounted.
Jarena Lee —was the first African American woman to have a published biography in the United States. Stendhal 's autobiographical writings of the s, The Life of Henry Brulard and Memoirs of an Egotistare both avowedly influenced by Rousseau.
With the rise of education, cheap newspapers and cheap printing, modern concepts of fame and celebrity began to develop, and the beneficiaries of this were not slow to cash in on this by producing autobiographies.
It became the expectation—rather than the exception—that those in the public eye should write about themselves—not only writers such as Charles Dickens who also incorporated autobiographical elements in his novels and Anthony Trollopebut also politicians e. Henry Brooks Adamsphilosophers e.
Increasingly, in accordance with romantic taste, these accounts also began to deal, amongst other topics, with aspects of childhood and upbringing—far removed from the principles of "Cellinian" autobiography. Typically pseudonymousthey were and are largely works of fiction written by ghostwriters.
So-called "autobiographies" of modern professional athletes and media celebrities—and to a lesser extent about politicians, generally written by a ghostwriterare routinely published.How to Write a Brief Description of Yourself.
In this Article: Article Summary Sample Short Biographies Coming up with Ideas for Your Description Writing a Professional Bio Crafting a Summary for Your Resume Creating an Informal Blurb Revising Your Description Community Q&A Writing a brief description of yourself can be tough.
Fortunately, there are a few tricks that can make it easier to. This book retraces the life of the physicist Wolfgang Pauli, analyzes his scientific work, and describes the evolution of his thinking. Pauli spent 30 years as a professor at the Federal Institute of Technology ETH in Zurich, which occupy a central place in this biography.
A biography can be short in the case of few sentences biography, and it can also be long enough to fill an entire book. The short biographies explain a person’s basic life facts and their importance, but the long biographies would go an extra mile and include more details to make an interesting read.
(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc.
Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized. Let's look at a book review example. As discussed in our article explaining how to write a book review, book reviews are very different from book rutadeltambor.com order to illustrate what a book review is, we have provided a book review example for your reference.
BOOK REVIEWS: How to write a book review There are two approaches to book reviewing: Descriptive reviews give the essential information about a book. This is done with description and exposition, by stating the perceived aims and purposes of the author, and by quoting striking passages.