Search within this web site: These wars were increasingly long and costly and generated anti-French propaganda.
The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Louis was the archetypal absolutist monarch. Aided by politicians such as Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis xiv foreign policy more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom.
Louis dominated the central government of France and consulted with hand-picked ministers. This consisted of three to five men who were all loyal to the king and hand-picked by him to serve him. Some of the minister who served Louis remain some of the most distinguished in French history.
The most prominent were: Those who rose to prominence were career minded men — men of the Robe — and not princes.
In fact Louis deliberately excluded the Princes of the Blood and the established nobility in general. He believed that he could best work with men who relied on him for their position in both French society and politics — the educated middle class — and not those who had a history of rebelling against the monarchy.
In previous years, kings of France had used men called Intendants to establish royal power in the provinces. Areas that were remote from Paris, had developed a culture of governing themselves and paying only lip service to royal authority.
The role of the Intendants was to change this.
|Louis XIV | Facts, Accomplishments, & Children | rutadeltambor.com||This action abolished the regency council and made Anne sole Regent of France. Anne wanted to give her son an absolute authority and a victorious kingdom.|
|Louis Xiv Foreign Policies||Visit Website Did you know? At the Palace of Versailles, aristocrats were expected to compete for the privilege of watching Louis XIV wake up, eat meals and prepare for bed.|
The Intendants went, frequently with royal protection, to these remote areas and stamped royal authority on them. Louis XIV realised their importance and extended them in both numbers and functions.
Their task was difficult in that they had to overcome a culture in these regions that had existed for centuries — and were frequently feudal in origin.
Another group that the Intendants crossed were men who had bought positions in the regions at times when the king had to raise funds. These men were wealthy but frequently ill-equipped to run these offices competently. Their sole purpose was to run them so that they themselves benefited — something Louis would not tolerate.
In this sense, they trod on the toes of the local nobility in most, if not all, areas of their life. A successful Intendant was suitably rewarded with promotion — this depended on pleasing the king.
If an Intendant had done well it was at the expense of the local nobility and to the advantage of Louis XIV. Louis ensured that the legal system of France was modernised. In fact, what he introduced was used in France to the time of the Napoleonic reforms.
Civil law was reformed in ; criminal law was reformed in ; a Maritime Code was introduced in and a Commercial Code in To enforce his rule, Louis needed a large army. By the time of his death inthe army of France stood atNot only was it large in size, but it was also a modern army completely controlled by the state.
Such an army ensured that the people were well controlled within France. Any hint of rebellion could be suitably dealt with. The army was answerable to the Secretary of State for War and the Intendants who worked for him. These men all relied on Louis for professional advancement and it served their cause to take on one of the throwbacks to the feudal days of France — local nobles controlling their armies in an independent manner.
Their armies were taken over by the state which served a two-fold purpose — it reduced the local power of the nobility and it increased royal absolute power at the same time. To avoid a regional governor becoming too powerful and building up too great an influence in any one region, they were moved from one province to another with a degree of regularity.
Their work also became more and more ceremonial as their real work was taken over by Lieutenant-Generals appointed in Paris. By doing this, any chance they had of developing some form of regional power was all but ended. For Colbert, this represented a weakness that other nations might exploit. Therefore, a great deal of time and effort went into developing a modern navy.
This allowed France to follow an aggressive expansionist policy in both colonisation and commerce. Both added to the wealth and prestige of France. Under the guidance of Colbert, the French economy did well.
Colbert realised the importance of a sound commercial policy and he viewed that overseas trade was the way ahead.Louis XIV - Foreign Policy study guide by dchddnn includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Louis XIV’s Foreign Policy Balance of Power 1st sense: equilibrium: pwr distrib.
amongst many separate states 2nd sense: equil. disturbed, opposing states > coalition & provide counterweight by which balance is restored 3rd sense: “holding” the balance: a state is needed more by aliies the it needs them = this state “hold” the Balance of power or it belongs this state belongs to 5/5(1).
Louis XIV, Foreign Policy League of Augsburg, Spanish Succession, Treaty of Utrecht, Spanish throne, Mazarin. Thus, France did benefit from Louis’s foreign and military policies, even if these wars cost heavily in terms of .
Dec 02, · Watch video · Louis XIV and Foreign Policy. In Louis XIV launched the War of Devolution (), the first in a series of military conflicts that characterized his aggressive approach to foreign.
Louis XIV - Action 3: Philip V gave special trading license to the French, which gave them advantages over the English and Dutch merchants in the New World. A PRIVILEGE! trading in slaves, lots of money for merchants.