A direct pupil of the apostle John, Polycarp lived between 70 and A. Several ancient sources document the contributions of Polycarp to Christianity, including his letters written to the church at Philippi, in which he encourages the members to remain strong in their faith and to flee from materialism. He also instructs the members in the proper handling of financial dishonesty that was creeping into the church.
A letter of the Early Church.
The author of this letter is Polycarp, who was bishop of Smyrna in the middle of the 2nd cent. He was the teacher of Irenaeus and of others. He welcomed Ignatius and encouraged him when he was a temporary visitor in Smyrna as a prisoner being escorted to Rome.
Probably, therefore, he was born in a Christian family. He was put to death by the civil authorities because he refused to recant his Christian views. The date of his death has been variously calculated.
If the data of the Martyrdom of Polycarp q. Eusebius, on the other hand, who knew the Martyrdom, placed the date in the reign of Marcus Aurelius when there were persecutions in Asia c. According to Eusebius, Irenaeus said that Polycarp thesis wrote several epistles Euseb.
Harrison proposed the thesis that this was not a single epistle, but rather two that had been joined together. The earlier was made up of ch. It was simply a brief covering letter to accompany the dispatch to Philippi of the copies of the letters of Ignatius that they had requested.
The date would be early September of the year that Ignatius died, perhaps The first twelve chs. Although this is a possible thesis and has been accepted by Kleist and favored by Quasten, it does not seem at all likely that it is correct. The fact that in ch.
It is quite normal to seek information about the circumstances of the death of a friend. There were docetists before Marcion, whom Harrison would consider referred to in ch. In fact, the reference to Ignatius in ch. Eusebius considered the epistle a unit as he quoted from both parts Euseb.
III, xxxvi, as from one continuous letter. The content of the letter is notable for its very extensive quotations from the books that make up the NT.
The amount of quotation and reflection is extraordinary. The Pauline corpus was constantly called upon. Matthew, Luke-Acts, Hebrews and 1 Peter are other favorite sources. Presbyters and deacons, not bishops, are the church officers mentioned.
There is a strong emphasis on the life of righteousness and good works. Jesus came truly in the flesh, died, and was raised again. Emperors, rulers, and persecutors were to be prayed for.
The original language was Gr. VS supplies the text for the remaining chs. There are some quotations available in Syriac.
Grant, The Apostolic Fathers, I See also Apostolic Fathersesp.Patristics, Apostolic Fathers, Polycarp of Smyrna, Martyrdom of Polycarp/ Martyrium Polycarpi Reconsidering the Bauer Thesis: A Review (4/2/15) A review of Orthodoxy and Heresy in Early Christian Contexts: Reconsidering the Bauer Thesis.
In hagiographic tradition the person of John the Apostle was associated with that of Polycarp of Smyrna. An apocryphon, known as the Harris Fragments, fragmentarily preserved in Coptic, understands Polycarp’s martyrdom as a substitute and replacement for John’s peaceful end.
Polycarp is a celebrated figure in the history of Christianity. A direct pupil of the apostle John, Polycarp lived between 70 and A.D., connecting him to both the biblical apostles and the age of the early church fathers.
Jan 19, · POLYCARP MTEGA AFTER LLB.
Sunday, January 19, Polycarp Mtega Dissertation. PROSECUTION POWERS OF THE PCCB IN TANZANIA. CHAPTER ONE. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND. circumstantial Evidence” A thesis submitted for the fulfillment of the Requirements of Degree for.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph D) [Law] of . Saint Polycarp: Bishop, Martyr, and Teacher of Apostolic Tradition 1 Who was Saint Polycarp of Smyrna? Saint Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna and Holy Martyr (c. 69 - c. ), is one of the Apostolic Fathers of the Church, namely one of the early witnesses and teachers of the Apostolic traditions of the Christian Church.
In his well-known thesis, Polycarp combats Gnostic heresies that were beginning to spread throughout the Christian church. Polycarp - A Martyr for Truth Polycarp's greatest contribution to Christianity may be his martyred death.